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What is a congenital heart defect?
Congenital means it is present at birth. Heart defects begin in the early stages of pregnancy when the baby's heart is forming. Death rates have declined dramatically due to improvements in early diagnosis, the development of new treatments, and increased research. Most children born with Congenital Heart Defects are now expected to survive into adulthood and beyond.

Common congenital heart defects:

Cynanotic Defects -

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
Tetralogy of Fallot
Transposition of the Great Vessels (TGA)
Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR)
Truncus Arteriosus
Tricuspid Atresia

Acyanotic Defects --

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
Coarctation of the Aorta
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Atrioventricular Septal Defect (AVSD)
Aortic Stenosis (AS)
Pulmonary Stenosis (PS)

What does CHD stand for?
It's the abbreviation for congenital heart defect.

How many babies are born with CHD?

Approximately 32,000 babies are born each year in the United States with a CHD. That equates to 1 out of 100 babies born with a heart defect.

What is the number one birth defect?
Congenital heart defects.

Is there a prenatal test for CHD?
An echocardiogram can accurately detect many heart defects. This test needs to be performed by a specialized doctor and not an obstetrician. Some heart defects can be detected through routine ultrasound.
 How many kinds of CHD are there?
There are approximately 35 different types of congenital heart defects.

How are congenital heart defects treated?
Today, most heart defects can be corrected or helped with surgery, medicine, or devices, such as artificial valves and pacemakers. In the last 25 years, advances in treatment of heart defects have enabled half a million U.S. children with significant heart defects to survive into adulthood.

What causes congenital heart defect?
Unfortunately, the cause of heart defects has not yet been determined. However, it is guessed that genetic and environmental factors play a role. More funding is necessary for CHD research.


Source: www.pediaheart.org